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Impacts of topography change on saltwater intrusion over the past decade in the Changjiang Estuary

Chen, Qing, Zhu, Jianrong, Lyu, Hanghang, Pan, Shunqi and Chen, Shenliang 2019. Impacts of topography change on saltwater intrusion over the past decade in the Changjiang Estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 231 , 106469. 10.1016/j.ecss.2019.106469
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Abstract

Saltwater intrusion in estuaries is mainly controlled by tides and river discharge, as well as by topography and other factors. The Changjiang estuary has been seen a significant change in its topography from the data obtained in 2007 and 2017. In this study, a well-validated 3D numerical model was used to simulate and analyze the residual water and salt transport, water diversion ratio (WDR) in bifurcated channels and water resources in the Changjiang Estuary in 2007 and 2017. The comparisons of the model results showed that due to the North Branch becoming much shallower and narrower over the period from 2007 to 2017, the overall salinity in the North Branch decreased and the intensity of saltwater spillover (SSO) from the North Branch into the South Branch weakened. In the North Channel, the simulated residual or net transection water flux (NTWF) and WDR decreased during spring tides, resulting in increased saltwater intrusion. During neap tides, the saltwater intrusion was weakened despite the decreased NTWF and WDR because the water depth at the river mouth became shallower. The changes of topography during that period also resulted in changes of DWR, NTWF, salt transport across the tidal flats and dykes in the North Passage, South Passage and the South Channel, as well as overall dynamic mechanism. The results indicated that the salinity at the water intakes of the three reservoirs in the estuary slightly decreased, indicating that the time that reservoirs can take water from the estuary become longer in dry seasons. In the scenario of complete silt-up of the North Branch, the saltwater intrusion was weakened in the South Branch because of the disappearance of the SSO, which was favorable for the utilization of freshwater resources, but enhanced in the North Channel, North and South Passages. The overall influence from the topographic change over the period is that the saltwater intrusion is weakened in the North Branch, and enhanced during spring tides and weakened during neap tides in the North Channel, North and South Passages. Sediment accretion in the North Branch is favorable for utilization of freshwater resources.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0272-7714
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 25 November 2019
Date of Acceptance: 5 November 2019
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2020 05:47
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/126956

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