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Structural and dynamic aspects of hydrogen-bonded complexes and inclusion compounds containing α,ω-dicyanoalkanes and urea, investigated by solid-state 13C and 2H NMR techniques.

Aliev, Abil E., Harris, Kenneth David Maclean and Champkin, Philip H. 2005. Structural and dynamic aspects of hydrogen-bonded complexes and inclusion compounds containing α,ω-dicyanoalkanes and urea, investigated by solid-state 13C and 2H NMR techniques. Journal of Physical Chemistry B 109 (49) , pp. 23342-23350. 10.1021/jp053849g

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Abstract

Solid-state 13C NMR and 2H NMR techniques have been used to investigate structural and dynamic properties of the 1,4-dicyanobutane/urea and 1,5-dicyanopentane/urea 1:1 hydrogen-bonded complexes and the 1,6-dicyanohexane/urea inclusion compound. The pure crystalline phase of urea has also been investigated. The 13C NMR studies have focused on 13C chemical shift anisotropy and second-order quadrupolar effects (arising from 13C−14N interaction) for the urea molecules and the cyano groups of the α,ω-dicyanoalkanes. Parameters describing these interactions are derived and are discussed in relation to the known structural properties of these materials. Comparison of 13C chemical shift anisotropies of the cyano carbons and rates of 13C dipolar dephasing suggest that 1,4-dicyanobutane and 1,5-dicyanopentane are effectively static, whereas 1,6-dicyanohexane has greater mobility. 2H NMR line shape analysis for the 1,4-dicyanobutane/urea-d4 and 1,5-dicyanopentane/urea-d4 complexes indicates that the only motion of the urea molecules that is effective on the 2H NMR time scale is a rapid libration about the CO bond over an angular range of about 26°. For the 1,6-dicyanohexane/urea-d4 inclusion compound, the 2H NMR line shape is consistent with a motion comprising 180° jumps about the CO bond at rates that are intermediate on the 2H NMR time scale. In addition, rapid libration about the CO bond also occurs over an angular range of about 20°. The dynamic properties of the urea molecules in these materials are compared with those of urea molecules in other crystalline environments.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: ACS
ISSN: 1520-6106
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:51
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/12765

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