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The antioxidant potential of pyruvate in the amitochondriate diplomonads Giardia intestinalis and Hexamita inflata

Biagini, GA, Park, JH, Lloyd, D and Edwards, MR 2001. The antioxidant potential of pyruvate in the amitochondriate diplomonads Giardia intestinalis and Hexamita inflata. Microbiology 147 (12) , 3359--3365. 10.1099/00221287-147-12-3359

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Abstract

Giardia intestinalis and Hexamita inflata are microaerophilic protozoa which rely on fermentative metabolism for energy generation. These organisms have developed a number of antioxidant defence strategies to cope with elevated O2 tensions which are inimical to survival. In this study, the ability of pyruvate, a central component of their energy metabolism, to act as a physiological antioxidant was investigated. The intracellular pools of 2-oxo acids in G. intestinalis were determined by HPLC. With the aid of a dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate-based assay, intracellular reactive oxygen species generation by G. intestinalis and H. inflata suspensions was monitored on-line. Addition of physiologically relevant concentrations of pyruvate to G. intestinalis and H. inflata cell suspensions was shown to attenuate the rate of H2O2- and menadione-induced generation of reactive oxygen species. In addition, pyruvate was also shown to decrease the generation of low-level chemiluminescence arising from the oxygenation of anaerobic suspensions of H. inflata. In contrast, addition of pyruvate to suspensions of respiring Saccharomyces cerevisiae was shown to increase the generation of reactive oxygen species. These data suggest that (i) in G. intestinalis and H. inflata, pyruvate exerts antioxidant activity at physiological levels, and (ii) it is the absence of a respiratory chain in the diplomonads which facilitates the observed antioxidant activity.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Microbiology Society
ISSN: 1350-0872
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2020 11:30
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/127712

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