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Influence of CO2 and low concentrations of O2 on fermentative metabolism of the ruminal ciliate Polyplastron multivesiculatum.

Ellis, J E, McIntyre, P S, Saleh, M, Williams, A G and Lloyd, D 1991. Influence of CO2 and low concentrations of O2 on fermentative metabolism of the ruminal ciliate Polyplastron multivesiculatum. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 57 (5) , pp. 1400-1407.

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Abstract

The effects of ruminal concentrations of CO2 and oxygen on the end products of endogenous metabolism and fermentation of D-glucose by the ruminal entodiniomorphid ciliate Polyplastron multivesiculatum were investigated. The principal metabolic products were butyric, acetic, and lactic acids, H2, and CO2. 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy identified glycerol as a previously unknown major product of D-[1-13C]glucose fermentation by this protozoan. Metabolite formation rates were clearly influenced by the headspace gas composition. In the presence of 1 to 3 microM O2, acetate, H2, and CO2 formation was partially depressed. A gas headspace with a high CO2 content (66 kPa) was found to suppress hydrogenosomal pathways and to favor butyrate accumulation. Cytochromes were not detected (less than 2 pmol/mg of protein) in P. multivesiculatum; protozoal suspensions, however, consumed O2 for up to 3 h at 1 kPa of O2. Under gas phases of greater than 2.6 kPa of O2, the organisms rapidly became vacuolate and the cilia became inactive. The results suggest that fermentative pathways in P. multivesiculatum are influenced by the O2 and CO2 concentrations that prevail in situ in the rumen.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
ISSN: 0099-2240
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2020 14:15
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/127807

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