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Oral immunogenicity in mice and sows of enterotoxigenic escherichia coli outer-membrane vesicles incorporated into zein-based nanoparticles

Matías, Jose, Brotons, Ana, Cenoz, Santiago, Pérez, Isidoro, Abdulkarim, Muthanna, Gumbleton, Mark, Irache, Juan M. and Gamazo, Carlos 2019. Oral immunogenicity in mice and sows of enterotoxigenic escherichia coli outer-membrane vesicles incorporated into zein-based nanoparticles. Vaccines 8 (1) , 11. 10.3390/vaccines8010011

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Abstract

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains are a major cause of illness and death in neonatal and recently weaned pigs. The immune protection of the piglets derives from maternal colostrum, since this species does not receive maternal antibodies through the placenta. In the present study, outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) obtained from main ETEC strains involved in piglet infection (F4 and F18 serotypes), encapsulated into zein nanoparticles coated with Gantrez®® AN-mannosamine conjugate, were used to orally immunize mice and pregnant sows. Loaded nanoparticles were homogeneous and spherical in a shape, with a size of 220–280 nm. The diffusion of nanoparticles through porcine intestinal mucus barrier was assessed by a Multiple Particle Tracking technique, showing that these particles were able to diffuse efficiently (1.3% diffusion coefficient), validating their oral use. BALB/c mice were either orally immunized with free OMVs or encapsulated into nanoparticles (100 µg OMVs/mouse). Results indicated that a single dose of loaded nanoparticles was able to elicit higher levels of serum specific IgG1, IgG2a and IgA, as well as intestinal IgA, with respect to the free antigens. In addition, nanoparticles induced an increase in levels of IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-γ with respect to the administration of free OMVs. Orally immunized pregnant sows with the same formulation elicited colostrum-, serum- (IgG, IgA or IgM) and fecal- (IgA) specific antibodies and, what is most relevant, offspring suckling piglets presented specific IgG in serum. Further studies are needed to determine the infection protective capacity of this new oral subunit vaccine

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2076-393X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 2 January 2020
Date of Acceptance: 30 December 2019
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2020 11:04
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/128155

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