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Full dynamic range quantification using loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) by combining analysis of amplification timing and variance between replicates at low copy number

Hardinge, Patrick and Murray, James A. H. 2020. Full dynamic range quantification using loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) by combining analysis of amplification timing and variance between replicates at low copy number. Scientific Reports 10 , 916. 10.1038/s41598-020-57473-1

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Abstract

Quantification of nucleic acid targets at low copy number is problematic with the limit of detection at 95 percent confidence predicted to be 3 molecules or higher for quantitative PCR. Conversely the accuracy of digital PCR is diminished at higher concentrations of template approaching 100 percent positive partitions, with the Poisson distribution showing that an average of only 3 molecules per partition represents an amplification frequency of greater than 95 percent. Therefore a full range of template concentrations cannot be quantified accurately with these methods alone without dilution. Here we report the development of quantification metrics for use with loop-mediated amplification (LAMP) as a bridge between concentrated and dilute template concentrations. The basis for this is that real-time monitoring of LAMP reactions either by bioluminescent reporting (BART) or by fluorescent dye binding shows increasing variation in timings between replicates at low copy number due to the LAMP amplification mechanism. This effect increases with decreasing copy number, closely associated with the amplification frequency. The use of an artificial template showed that the increasing variation is not linked to the use of displacement primers during the initiation of amplification and is therefore a fundamental feature of the LAMP initiation event. Quantification between 1 and 10 copies of a template was successfully achieved with a number of methods with a low number of replicates with the strongest correlation to timing variance. These ultra-quantification methods for LAMP amplification either singularly or in combination have potential in a full dynamic range quantification strategy based on LAMP, in a closed tube, undiluted sample molecular diagnostic.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 2045-2322
Funders: BBSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 3 January 2020
Date of Acceptance: 2 January 2020
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2020 16:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/128164

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