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A latent class analysis of parental alcohol and drug use: Findings from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children

Lowthian, Emily, Moore, Graham, Greene, Giles, Kristensen, Sara Madeleine and Moore, Simon C. 2020. A latent class analysis of parental alcohol and drug use: Findings from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Addictive Behaviors 104 , 106281. 10.1016/j.addbeh.2019.106281

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Abstract

Previous measures of parental substance use have often paid limited attention to the co-occurrence of alcohol and drugs, or to the between-parent dynamics in the use of substances. These shortcomings may have important implications for our understandings of the relationship between parental substance use and child wellbeing. Using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, a UK community-based cohort study from 1990 onwards (n=9,451), we identified groups of parental substance use using latent class analysis. The 4-class solution offered the best fit, balancing statistical criteria and theoretical judgement. The results show distinct classes across the range of parental substance use, including very low users, low users, moderate users and heavy users. These classes suggest that substance use patterns among mothers are somewhat mirrored by those of their partners, while heavy use of alcohol by mothers and their partners is related to increased mothers drug use. We suggest that studies that investigate the effects of parental substance use on child wellbeing should pay greater attention to the dynamics of substance use by parental figures.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Development and Evaluation of Complex Interventions for Public Health Improvement (DECIPHer)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0306-4603
Funders: Wellcome Trust, ESRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 13 January 2020
Date of Acceptance: 21 December 2019
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2020 14:10
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/128469

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