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Synergy between tungsten and palladium supported on titania for the catalytic total oxidation of propane

Taylor, Marie N., Zhou, Wu, Garcia, Tomas, Solsona, Benjamin, Carley, Albert Frederick, Kiely, Christopher John and Taylor, Stuart Hamilton 2012. Synergy between tungsten and palladium supported on titania for the catalytic total oxidation of propane. Journal of Catalysis 285 (1) , pp. 103-114. 10.1016/j.jcat.2011.09.019

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Abstract

Titania-supported palladium catalysts modified by tungsten have been tested for the total oxidation of propane. The addition of tungsten significantly enhanced the catalytic activity. Highly active catalysts were prepared containing a low loading of 0.5 wt.% palladium, and activity increased as the tungsten loading was increased up to 6 wt.%. Catalysts were characterised using a variety of techniques, including powder X-ray diffraction, laser Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, temperature-programmed reduction and aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy. Highly dispersed palladium nanoparticles were present on the catalyst with and without the addition of WOx. However, the addition of WOx slightly increases the average palladium particle size, and there was some evidence for the Pd forming epitaxial islands on the support in the tungsten-doped samples. Surface analysis identified a combination of Pd0 and Pd2+ on a Pd/TiO2 catalyst, whereas all of the Pd loading was found in the form of Pd2+ with the addition of tungsten into the catalysts. At low tungsten loadings, isolated monotungstate and some polytungstate species were highly dispersed over the titania support. The concentration of polytungstate species increased as the loading was increased, and it was also promoted by the presence of palladium. The coverage of the highly dispersed tungstate species over the titania also increased as the tungsten loading increased. Some tungstate species were also found to be associated with the palladium oxide particles, and there was an enrichment of oxidised tungsten species at the peripheral interface of the palladium oxide nanoparticles and the titania. Sub-ambient temperature–programmed reduction experiments identified an increased concentration of highly reactive species on catalysts with palladium and tungsten present together, and we propose that the new WOx-decorated interface between PdOx and TiO2 particles may be responsible for the enhanced catalytic activity in the co-impregnated catalysts

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Catalytic oxidation; Propane; Tungsten; Palladium; Palladium oxide; Titania; Aberration-corrected electron microscopy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0021-9517
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:52
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/12916

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