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Experimental study of methane-oriented gasification of semi-anthracite and bituminous coals using oxygen and steam in the context of underground coal gasification (UCG): Effects of pressure, temperature, gasification reactant supply rates and coal rank

Sadasivam, Sivachidambaram, Zagorscak, Renato, Thomas, Hywel Rhys, Kapusta, Krzysztof and Stanczyk, Krzysztof 2020. Experimental study of methane-oriented gasification of semi-anthracite and bituminous coals using oxygen and steam in the context of underground coal gasification (UCG): Effects of pressure, temperature, gasification reactant supply rates and coal rank. Fuel 268 , 117330. 10.1016/j.fuel.2020.117330
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Abstract

The results of ex-situ small-scale laboratory tests performed in a bespoke batch reactor simulating coal gasification to find the most optimal experimental conditions for producing methane-rich syngas in the context of UCG are presented in this paper. The influence of gaseous reactants (oxygen and steam), their supply rates and thermodynamic conditions (temperatures of 650 °C, 750 °C, 850 °C and pressures of 20 bar and 36 bar) on the gasification of semi-anthracite (South Wales coalfield) and bituminous (Silesian basin) coals is investigated. Increasing the gasification pressure from 20 bar to 36 bar and doubling the amount of steam with respect to oxygen benefit the methane generation. Although temperature increase from 650 °C to 850 °C also benefits methane generation, gasification at 750 °C provides the most optimal conditions for methane-rich syngas production. Overall, the highest methane generation occurs at 750 °C, 36 bar and H2O:O2 = 2:1 yielding peak methane concentrations of 44.00 vol% and 35.55 vol%, and average methane concentrations of 15.34 vol% and 14.64 vol% for the semi-anthracite and bituminous coals, respectively. These findings demonstrate that an increase in coal rank favours the methane generation. Owing to high methane content, the syngas produced at such conditions contains the highest calorific value, although the generation of hydrogen and carbon monoxide is reduced in comparison to the experiments conducted at 850 °C. This study shows that gasification of bituminous and semi-anthracitic coals at elevated pressures can provide stable generation of methane-rich syngas whose quality can be controlled by the gasification temperature through the dynamics of steam and O2 supply rates.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0016-2361
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 February 2020
Date of Acceptance: 4 February 2020
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2020 15:17
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/129675

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