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Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Studies of Oxidative Degradation of an Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient and Quantitative Analysis of the Organic Radical Intermediates Using Partial Least-Squares Regression

Williams, Helen Elizabeth, Loades, Victoria Catherine, Claybourn, Mike and Murphy, Damien Martin 2006. Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Studies of Oxidative Degradation of an Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient and Quantitative Analysis of the Organic Radical Intermediates Using Partial Least-Squares Regression. Analytical Chemistry 78 (2) , pp. 604-608. 10.1021/ac051697f

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Abstract

Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used to study the radical species formed during the oxidation of an active pharmaceutical ingredient in the solid state. It was found that the extent of radical generation correlated to the formation of an oxidative degradation product. Multifrequency EPR and electron nuclear double resonance spectroscopy gave additional information on the identity of the organic radical species involved in the oxidation process, and a mechanism was proposed for the degradation, involving the formation of both carbon-centered and peroxy radicals. The multivariate analysis technique of partial least-squares (PLS) regression was then used to determine the extent of oxidation of the active pharmaceutical ingredient from the EPR spectra. The suitability of this approach was demonstrated from its application to a series of standards. The conventional approach for the quantitative analysis of EPR spectra is to measure the peak height or to perform double integration of the spectral region containing the signal of interest. Both of these methods have intrinsic errors associated with them, particularly for weak EPR signals with a poor signal-to-noise ratio or a sloping background response. The results obtained showed that greatly improved quantitation was obtained using the PLS regression approach.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 0003-2700
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 02:52
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/12993

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