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Specific absorption rate implications of within-scan patient head motion for ultra-high field MRI

Kopanoglu, Emre, Deniz, Cem M., Erturk, M. Arcan and Wise, Richard G. 2020. Specific absorption rate implications of within-scan patient head motion for ultra-high field MRI. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 84 (5) , pp. 2724-2738. 10.1002/mrm.28276
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Abstract

Purpose: This study investigates the implications of all degrees-of-freedom of within-scan patient head motion on patient safety. Methods: Electromagnetic simulations were performed by displacing/rotating a virtual body model inside an 8-channel transmit array to simulate six degrees-of-freedom of motion. Rotations of up to 20-degrees and displacements of up to 20 mm including off-axis axial/coronal translations were investigated, yielding 104 head positions. Quadrature excitation, RF shimming and multi-spoke paralleltransmit excitation pulses were designed for axial slice-selection at 7T, for seven slices across the head. Variation of whole-head SAR and 10-gram averaged local SAR of the designed pulses, as well as the change in the maximum eigenvalue (worst-case pulse) were investigated by comparing off-centre positions to the central position. Results: In their respective worst-cases, patient motion increased the eigenvalue-based local SAR by 42%, whole-head SAR by 60%, and the 10-gram averaged local SAR by 210%. Local SAR was observed to be more sensitive to displacements along right-left and anterior-posterior directions than displacement in the superior-inferior direction and rotation. Conclusion: This is the first study to investigate the effect of all six degrees-of-freedom of motion on safety of practical pulses. While the results agree with the literature for overlapping cases, the results demonstrate higher increases (up to 3.1-fold) in local SAR for offaxis displacement in the axial plane, which had received less attention in the literature. This increase in local SAR could potentially affect the local SAR compliance of subjects, unless realistic within-scan patient motion is taken into account during pulse design.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 0740-3194
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 25 March 2020
Date of Acceptance: 16 March 2020
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2020 12:55
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/130572

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