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Material and energy flows of the iron and steel industry: status quo, challenges and perspectives

Sun, Wenqiang, Wang, Qiang, Zhou, Yue and Wu, Jianzhong 2020. Material and energy flows of the iron and steel industry: status quo, challenges and perspectives. Applied Energy 268 , 114946. 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.114946

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Abstract

Integrated analysis and optimization of material and energy flows in the iron and steel industry have drawn considerable interest from steelmakers, energy engineers, policymakers, financial firms, and academic researchers. Numerous publications in this area have identified their great potential to bring significant benefits and innovation. Although much technical work has been done to analyze and optimize material and energy flows, there is a lack of overview of material and energy flows of the iron and steel industry. To fill this gap, this work first provides an overview of different steel production routes. Next, the modelling, scheduling and interrelation regarding material and energy flows in the iron and steel industry are presented by thoroughly reviewing the existing literature. This study selects eighty publications on the material and energy flows of steelworks, from which a map of the potential of integrating material and energy flows for iron and steel sites is constructed. The paper discusses the challenges to be overcome and the future directions of material and energy flow research in the iron and steel industry, including the fundamental understandings of flow mechanisms, the dynamic material and energy flow scheduling and optimization, the synergy between material and energy flows, flexible production processes and flexible energy systems, smart steel manufacturing and smart energy systems, and revolutionary steelmaking routes and technologies.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0306-2619
Funders: EPSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 April 2020
Date of Acceptance: 2 April 2020
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2020 09:25
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/130934

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