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Formation of Holocene sedimentary laminae in the Black Sea and the role of the benthic flocculent layer

Pilskaln, Cynthia H. and Pike, Jennifer 2001. Formation of Holocene sedimentary laminae in the Black Sea and the role of the benthic flocculent layer. Paleoceanography 16 (1) , pp. 1-19. 10.1029/1999PA000469

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Abstract

Holocene Black Sea sediments recovered in 1988 and 1993 from box cores and gravity cores were analyzed geochemically, microscopically, and with backscattered electron imagery (BSEI) in order to determine the temporal, geochemical, and sedimentological relationships between the benthic flocculent layer (often referred to as the fluff layer) and the formation of underlying laminated unit I sediments. Existence of a permanent benthic fluff layer in the Black Sea basin is suggested, acting as a geochemical transition layer within which all sedimentary particles are hydraulically sorted and particles subject to dissolution or organic remineralization are altered prior to accumulation. We propose that particle residence time within the benthic fluff layer is a key factor in determining sedimentary microfabric and geochemical composition of laminated unit I sediments. We present a schematic model depicting the above relationships and use it to propose a paleoflux scenario for laminae formation in the unit II sapropel.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GC Oceanography
Q Science > QE Geology
Additional Information: Publisher's copyright requirements "Permission to Deposit an Article in an Institutional Repository. Adopted by Council 13 December 2009. AGU allows authors to deposit their journal articles if the version is the final published citable version of record, the AGU copyright statement is clearly visible on the posting, and the posting is made 6 months after official publication by the AGU." See http://www.agu.org/pubs/authors/usage_permissions.shtml
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
ISSN: 0883-8305
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1314

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