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Subcortical Brain Volume, Regional Cortical Thickness, and Cortical Surface Area Across Disorders: Findings From the ENIGMA ADHD, ASD, and OCD Working Groups

Boedhoe, Premika S.W, van Rooij, Daan, Hoogman, Martine, Twisk, Jos W.R., Schmaal, Lianne, Abe, Yoshinari, Alonso, Pino, Ameis, Stephanie H., Anikin, Anatoly, Anticevic, Alan, Arango, Celso, Arnold, Paul D., Asherson, Philip, Assogna, Francesca, Beucke, Jan C., Biederman, Joseph, Bollettini, Irene, Bose, Anushree, Bralten, Janita, Bramati, Ivanei E., Brandeis, Daniel, Brem, Silvia, Brennan, Brian P., Busatto, Geraldo F., Calderoni, Sara, Calvo, Anna, Calvo, Rosa, Castellanos, Francisco X., Cercignani, Mara, Chaim-Avancini, Tiffany M., Chantiluke, Kaylita C., Cheng, Yuqi, Cho, Kang Ik K., Christakou, Anastasia, Coghill, David, Conzelmann, Annette, Cubillo, Ana I., Dale, Anders M., Dallaspezia, Sara, Daly, Eileen, Denys, Damiaan, Deruelle, Christine, Martino, Adriana Di, Dinstein, Ilan, Doyle, Alysa E., Durston, Sarah, Ear, Eric A., Ecker, Christine, Ehrlich, Stefan, Ely, Benjamin A., Epstein, Jeffrey N., Ethofer, Thomas, Fair, Damien A., Fallgatter, Andreas J., Faraone, Stephen V., Fedor, Jennifer, Feng, Xin, Feusner, Jamie D., Fitzgerald, Jackie, Fitzgerald, Kate D., Fouche, Jean-Paul, Freitag, Christine M., Fridgeirsson, Egill A., Frodl, Thomas, Gabe, Matt C., Gallagher, Louise, Gogberashvili, Tinatin, Gori, Ilaria, Gruner, Patricia, Gürse, Deniz A., Haar, Shlomi, Haavik, Jan, Hall, Geoffrey B., Harrison, Neil A., Hartman, Catharina A., Heslenfeld, Dirk J., Hirano, Yoshiyuki, Hoekstra, Pieter J., Hoexter, Marcelo Q., Hohmann, Sarah, Høvik, Marie F., Hu, Hao, Huyser, Chaim, Jahanshad, Neda, Jalbrzikowski, Maria, James, Anthony, Janssen, Joost, Jaspers-Fayer, Fern, Jernigan, Terry L., Kapilushniy, Dmitry, Kardatzki, Bernd, Karkashadze, Georgii, Kathmann, Norbert, Kaufmann, Christian, Kelly, Clare, Khadka, Sabin, King, Joseph A., Koch, Kathrin, Kohls, Gregor, Kohls, Kerstin, Kuno, Masaru, Kuntsi, Jonna, Kvale, Gerd, Kwon, Jun Soo, Lázaro, Luisa, Lera-Miguel, Sara, Lesch, Klaus-Peter, Hoekstra, Liesbeth, Liu, Yanni, Lochner, Christine, Louza, Mario R., Luna, Beatriz, Lundervold, Astri J., Malpas, Charles B., Marques, Paulo, Marsh, Rachel, Martínez-Zalacaín, Ignacio, Mataix-Cols, David, Mattos, Paulo, McCarthy, Hazel, McGrath, Jane, Mehta, Mitul A., Menchón, José M., Mennes, Maarten, Martinho, Mauricio Moller, Moreira, Pedro S., Morer, Astrid, Morgado, Pedro, Muratori, Filippo, Murphy, Clodagh M., Murphy, Declan G.M., Nakagawa, Akiko, Nakamae, Takashi, Nakao, Tomohiro, Namazova-Baranova, Leyla, Narayanaswamy, Janardhanan. C., Nicolau, Rosa, Nigg, Joel T., Novotny, Stephanie E., Nurmi, Erika L., Weiss, Eileen Oberwelland, Tuura, Ruth L. O'Gorman, O’Hearn, Kirsten, O'Neill, Joseph, Oosterlaan, Jaap, Oranje, Bob, Paloyelis, Yannis, Parellada, Mara, Pauli, Paul, Perriello, Chris, Piacentini, John, Piras, Fabrizio, Piras, Federica, Plessen, Kerstin J., Puig, Olga, Ramos-Quiroga, J. Antoni, Reddy, Janardhan, Reif, Andreas, Reneman, Liesbeth, Retico, Alessandra, Rosa, Pedro G.P., Rubia, Katya, Rus, Oana Georgiana, Sakai, Yuki, Schrantee, Anouk, Schwarz, Lena, Schweren, Lizanne J.S., Seitz, Jochen, Shaw, Philip, Shook, Devon, Silk, Tim J., Simpson, H. Blair, Skokauskas, Norbert, Vila, Juan Carlos Soliva, Solovieva, Anastasia, Soreni, Noam, Soriano-Mas, Carles, Spalletta, Gianfranco, Stern, Emily R., Stevens, Michael C., Stewart, S. Evelyn, Sudre, Gustavo, Szeszko, Philip R., Tamm, Leanne, Taylor, Margot J., Tolin, David F., Tosetti, Michela, Tovar-Moll, Fernanda, Tsuchiyagaito, Aki, van Erp, Theo G.M., van Wingen, Guido A., Vance, Alasdair, Venkatasubramanian, Ganesan, VivesGilabert, Yolanda, von Polier, Georg G., Walitza, Susanne, Wallace, Gregory L., Wang, Zhen, Wolfers, Thomas, Yoncheva, Yuliya N., Yun, Je-Yeon, Zanetti, Marcus V., Zhou, Fengfeng, Ziegler, Georg C., Zierhut, Kathrin C., Zwiers, Marcel P., Thompson, Paul M., Stein, Dan J., Buitelaar, Jan, Franke, Barbara and van den Heuvel, Odile A. 2020. Subcortical Brain Volume, Regional Cortical Thickness, and Cortical Surface Area Across Disorders: Findings From the ENIGMA ADHD, ASD, and OCD Working Groups. American Journal of Psychiatry 177 (9) , pp. 834-843. 10.1176/appi.ajp.2020.19030331
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Abstract

Objective: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are common neurodevelopmental disorders that frequently co-occur. The authors sought to directly compare these disorders using structural brain imaging data from ENIGMA consortium data. Methods: Structural T1-weighted whole-brain MRI data from healthy control subjects (N=5,827) and from patients with ADHD (N=2,271), ASD (N=1,777), and OCD (N=2,323) from 151 cohorts worldwide were analyzed using standardized processing protocols. The authors examined subcortical volume, cortical thickness, and cortical surface area differences within a mega-analytical framework, pooling measures extracted from each cohort. Analyses were performed separately for children, adolescents, and adults, using linear mixed-effects models adjusting for age, sex, and site (and intracranial volume for subcortical and surface area measures). Results: No shared differences were found among all three disorders, and shared differences between any two disorders did not survive correction for multiple comparisons. Children with ADHD compared with those with OCD had smaller hippocampal volumes, possibly influenced by IQ. Children and adolescents with ADHD also had smaller intracranial volume than control subjects and those with OCD or ASD. Adults with ASD showed thicker frontal cortices compared with adult control subjects and other clinical groups. No OCD-specific differences were observed across different age groups and surface area differences among all disorders in childhood and adulthood. Conclusions: The study findings suggest robust but subtle differences across different age groups among ADHD, ASD, and OCD. ADHD-specific intracranial volume and hippocampal differences in children and adolescents, and ASD-specific cortical thickness differences in the frontal cortex in adults, support previous work emphasizing structural brain differences in these disorders.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
MRC Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics (CNGG)
Publisher: American Psychiatric Publishing
ISSN: 0002-953X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 May 2020
Date of Acceptance: 23 March 2020
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2020 22:55
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/131901

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