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Field, petrographic and geochemical characteristics of Sullya alkaline complex in the Cauvery Shear Zone (CSZ), southern India: Implications for petrogenesis

Boraiaha, Chandan Kumar, Joshi, Kumar Batuk, Kerr, Andrew C., Padhi, Jayant Kumar, Mishra, Sarbartha Shankar and Chandan, Rashmi 2020. Field, petrographic and geochemical characteristics of Sullya alkaline complex in the Cauvery Shear Zone (CSZ), southern India: Implications for petrogenesis. Journal of Earth System Science 129 , 111. 10.1007/s12040-020-1369-1

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Abstract

Significant, but volumetrically smaller, unmetamorphosed and largely undeformed alkaline magmatic suites have been reported from the Southern Granulite Terrain in southern India. These Neoproterozoic alkaline magmatic rocks occur as lenses, dykes and plugs that are mostly within, or proximal to, major shear zones or transcrustal faults. In this contribution, field, petrographic and whole-rock geochemical data of Sullya syenites and associated mafic granulites from the Mercara Shear Zone (MSZ), which separates low-grade (greenschist to upper amphibolite facies) Dharwar Craton and high-grade (granulite facies) Southern Granulite Terrain is presented. The isolated body of the Sullya syenite, similar to other alkaline plutons of the Southern Granulite Terrain, shows an intrusive relationship with the host hornblende-biotite gneisses and mafic granulites. The Sullya syenites lack macroscopic foliations and unlike, other plutons, they are not associated with carbonatites and ultrapotassic granites. Potash feldspar and plagioclase dominates the felsic phases in the Sullya syenite and there is negligible quartz. The studied syenites show evidence of melt supported deformation, but show no evidence of recrystallization. Geochemically, they most resemble the Angadimogar syenites (situated 3 km west of the Sullya syenites) with similar major oxide and trace element concentrations. The petrogenetic studies of the Sullya syenite have indicated that they were generated by mixing of two different sources derived from the partial melting of metasomatized continental mantle lithosphere and lower crustal mafic granulites. This melt source could have been emplaced in a rift-related tectonic setting. The emplacement is considered to be controlled by shears.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Earth and Ocean Sciences
ISSN: 2347-4327
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 27 May 2020
Date of Acceptance: 19 January 2020
Last Modified: 28 May 2020 14:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/131934

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