Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

A novel inducible prophage from Burkholderia vietnamiensis G4 is widely distributed across the species and has lytic activity against pathogenic Burkholderia

Weiser, Rebecca, Yap, Zhong Ling, Otter, Ashley, Jones, Brian V., Salvage, Jonathan, Parkhill, Julian and Mahenthiralingam, Eshwar 2020. A novel inducible prophage from Burkholderia vietnamiensis G4 is widely distributed across the species and has lytic activity against pathogenic Burkholderia. Viruses 12 (6) , 601. 10.3390/v12060601

[img]
Preview
PDF - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (2MB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
PDF - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
PDF (Table) - Supplemental Material
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (613kB) | Preview

Abstract

Burkholderia species have environmental, industrial and medical significance, and are important opportunistic pathogens in individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF). Using a combination of existing and newly determined genome sequences, this study investigated prophage carriage across the species B. vietnamiensis, and also isolated spontaneously inducible prophages from a reference strain, G4. Eighty-one B. vietnamiensis genomes were bioinformatically screened for prophages using PHASTER (Phage Search Tool Enhanced Release) and prophage regions were found to comprise up to 3.4% of total genetic material. Overall, 115 intact prophages were identified and there was evidence of polylysogeny in 32 strains. A novel, inducible Mu-like phage (vB_BvM-G4P1) was isolated from B. vietnamiensis G4 that had lytic activity against strains of five Burkholderia species prevalent in CF infections, including the Boston epidemic B. dolosa strain SLC6. The cognate prophage to vB_BvM-G4P1 was identified in the lysogen genome and was almost identical (>93.5% tblastx identity) to prophages found in 13 other B. vietnamiensis strains (17% of the strain collection). Phylogenomic analysis determined that the G4P1-like prophages were widely distributed across the population structure of B. vietnamiensis. This study highlights how genomic characterization of Burkholderia prophages can lead to the discovery of novel bacteriophages with potential therapeutic or biotechnological applications.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 1999-4915
Funders: BBSRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 1 June 2020
Date of Acceptance: 29 May 2020
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2020 07:24
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/132083

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics