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Environmentally stable lead-free cesium bismuth iodide (Cs3Bi2I9) perovskite: Synthesis to solar cell application

Waykar, Ravindra, Bhorde, Ajinkya, Nair, Shruthi, Pandharkar, Subhash, Gabhale, Bharat, Aher, Rahul, Rondiya, Sachin, Waghmare, Ashish, Doiphode, Vidya, Punde, Ashvini, Vairale, Priti, Prasad, Mohit and Jadkar, Sandesh 2020. Environmentally stable lead-free cesium bismuth iodide (Cs3Bi2I9) perovskite: Synthesis to solar cell application. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids 146 , 109608. 10.1016/j.jpcs.2020.109608

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In this paper, we synthesized lead-free cesium bismuth iodide (Cs3Bi2I9) perovskite films by solution process using one-step spin-coating technique. Formation of Cs3Bi2I9 perovskite was confirmed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy analysis. The XRD analysis showed that all Cs3Bi2I9 perovskite films were polycrystalline in nature, with hexagonal crystal structure and preferred-orientation along (006) direction. The environmental stability of Cs3Bi2I9 perovskite was confirmed by XRD analysis and UV–visible spectroscopy. Multiple XRD and UV–Vis spectra taken after long time spans revealed the stable nature of Cs3Bi2I9 perovskite films. The UV–visible spectroscopy and photoluminescence analysis showed that the perovskite films absorbed strongly in the visible region and had an optical band gap of ∼2.1 eV. Surface morphology of Cs3Bi2I9 perovskite over the entire substrate surface was investigated using scanning electron microscopy. Thermo-gravimetric analysis showed that Cs3Bi2I9 perovskite was thermally stable up tõ420 °C. Finally, solar cells fabricated using Cs3Bi2I9 perovskite material showed maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 0.17%, with short circuit current density of 1.43 mA/cm2, open circuit voltage of 0.37 V and fill factor of 32%. Applying compositional engineering and optimizing the device structure should further improve the PCE. These results are a significant step toward fabrication of Cs3Bi2I9 perovskite-based solar cells.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0022-3697
Date of Acceptance: 2 June 2020
Last Modified: 04 Aug 2020 13:14

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