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Comparison of different calculation techniques for absorbed dose assessment in patient specific peptide receptor radionuclide therapy

Finocchiaro, Domenico, Berenato, Salvatore, Bertolini, Valentina, Castellani, Gastone, Lanconelli, Nico, Versari, Annibale, Spezi, Emiliano, Lori, Mauro, Fioroni, Federica and Grassi, Elisa 2020. Comparison of different calculation techniques for absorbed dose assessment in patient specific peptide receptor radionuclide therapy. PLoS ONE 15 (8) , e0236466. 10.1371/journal.pone.0236466

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Aim The present work concerns the comparison of the performances of three systems for dosimetry in RPT that use different techniques for absorbed dose calculation (organ-level dosimetry, voxel-level dose kernel convolution and Monte Carlo simulations). The aim was to assess the importance of the choice of the most adequate calculation modality, providing recommendations about the choice of the computation tool. Methods The performances were evaluated both on phantoms and patients in a multi-level approach. Different phantoms filled with a 177Lu-radioactive solution were used: a homogeneous cylindrical phantom, a phantom with organ-shaped inserts and two cylindrical phantoms with inserts different for shape and volume. A total of 70 patients with NETs treated by PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATOC were retrospectively analysed. Results The comparisons were performed mainly between the mean values of the absorbed dose in the regions of interest. A general better agreement was obtained between Dose kernel convolution and Monte Carlo simulations results rather than between either of these two and organ-level dosimetry, both for phantoms and patients. Phantoms measurements also showed the discrepancies mainly depend on the geometry of the inserts (e.g. shape and volume). For patients, differences were more pronounced than phantoms and higher inter/intra patient variability was observed. Conclusion This study suggests that voxel-level techniques for dosimetry calculation are potentially more accurate and personalized than organ-level methods. In particular, a voxel-convolution method provides good results in a short time of calculation, while Monte Carlo based computation should be conducted with very fast calculation systems for a possible use in clinics, despite its intrinsic higher accuracy. Attention to the calculation modality is recommended in case of clinical regions of interest with irregular shape and far from spherical geometry, in which Monte Carlo seems to be more accurate than voxel-convolution methods.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Public Library of Science
ISSN: 1932-6203
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 July 2020
Date of Acceptance: 9 July 2020
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2020 13:21

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