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Indentation of bituminous coals: fracture, crushing and dust formation

Kossovich, Elena L., Borodich, Feodor M., Epshtein, Svetlana A. and Galanov, Boris A. 2020. Indentation of bituminous coals: fracture, crushing and dust formation. Mechanics of Materials 150 , 103570. 10.1016/j.mechmat.2020.103570
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Abstract

Bituminous coals are still the main source of energy in the world. However, these brittle porous materials are prone to crushing under action of industrial tools. Our early depth-sensing nanoindentation tests of bituminous coals showed that even if the depth of indentation is within the nanoscale, these brittle coals are no longer continuous elastic media within the indentation zone but rather fine powders of crushed particles irrespectively to the coal maceral. Dust formation of the materials is a problem of great practical importance for the mining industry. Indeed, the powders of coal particles formed during crushing may cause not only explosions in mines but they also contaminate the environment around the roads of the coal transportation. In this study, the crushing of coals due to action of rigid conical indenters and formation of small coal particles is investigated. The studies are based on development of the Galanov-Grigoriev (GG) model of crushing of brittle porous materials and the model adjustment to specific features of coal fracture. Using the indentation tests, we estimate the size distribution of the dust particles formed within the region of fully crushed material. Results are presented for coals of three different stages of metamorphism.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0167-6636
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 14 August 2020
Date of Acceptance: 14 August 2020
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2020 13:37
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/134221

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