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Probing the surface acidity of supported aluminum bromide catalysts

Abedin, Md Ashraful, Kanitkar, Swarom, Kumar, Nitin, Wang, Zi, Ding, Kunlun, Hutchings, Graham and Spivey, James J. 2020. Probing the surface acidity of supported aluminum bromide catalysts. Catalysts 10 (8) , 869. 10.3390/catal10080869

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Abstract

Solid acid catalysis is an important class of reactions. The principal advantages of solid acid catalysts as compared to their corresponding fluid acids include minimal waste and ease of product separation. One type of these catalysts is based on aluminum bromide (Al2Br6), which is a stronger Lewis acid than Al2Cl6. In this report, Al2Br6 is grafted on commercial mesoporous silica (CMS), SBA-15 and silica gel to create a solid catalyst similar to the silica-supported Al2Cl6 superacid. These supported Al2Br6 catalysts were characterized by NH3-Temperature Programmed Desorption (TPD), pyridine Diffuse Reflectance for Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and Magic Angle Spinning Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MAS NMR). Formation of acid sites was confirmed and quantified with NH3-TPD. Both Lewis and Brønsted sites were observed with DRIFTS using pyridine as a probe molecule. In addition, thermal stability of acid sites was also studied using DRIFTS. 27Al MAS NMR analysis showed tetrahedral, pentahedral and octahedral co-ordination of Al, confirming that Al2Br6 reacted with –OH groups on silica surface. Performance of these catalysts was evaluated using acid-catalyzed 1-butene isomerization. Conversion above 80% was observed at 200 °C, corresponding to thermodynamic equilibrium.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: MDPI
ISSN: 2073-4344
Funders: Chevron and NSF
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 19 August 2020
Date of Acceptance: 31 July 2020
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2020 11:00
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/134288

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