Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Quantifying the discrepancies in the geometric and mechanical properties of the theoretically designed and additively manufactured scaffolds

Lu, Yongtao, Cui, Zhentao, Cheng, Liangliang, Li, Jian, Yang, Zhouyue, Zhu, Hanxing and Wu, Chengwei 2020. Quantifying the discrepancies in the geometric and mechanical properties of the theoretically designed and additively manufactured scaffolds. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials 112 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.104080
Item availability restricted.

[img] PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 8 September 2021 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (6MB)

Abstract

In recent years, the triply periodic minimal surface (TPMS) has emerged as a new method for producing open cell porous scaffolds because of the superior properties, such as the high surface-to-volume ratio, the zero curvature, etc. On the other hand, the additive manufacturing (AM) technique has made feasible the design and development of TPMS scaffolds with complex microstructures. However, neither the discrepancy between the theoretically designed and the additively manufactured TPMS scaffolds nor the underlying mechanisms is clear so far. The aims of the present study were to quantify the discrepancies between the theoretically designed and the AM produced TPMS scaffolds and to reveal the underlying mechanisms, e.g., the effect of building orientation on the discrepancy. 24 Gyroid scaffolds were produced along the height and width directions of the scaffold using the selective laser melting (SLM) technique (i.e., 12 scaffolds produced in each direction). The discrepancies in the geometric and mechanical properties of the TPMS scaffolds were quantified. Regarding the geometric properties, the discrepancies in the porosity, the dimension and the three-dimensional (3D) geometry of the scaffolds were quantified. Regarding the mechanical properties, the discrepancies in the effective compressive modulus and the mechanical environment (strain energy density) of the scaffolds were evaluated. It is revealed that the porosity in the AM produced scaffold is approximately 12% lower than the designed value. There are approximately 68.1 ± 8.6% added materials in the AM produced scaffolds and the added materials are mostly distributed in the places opposite to the building orientation. The building orientation has no effect on the discrepancy in the scaffold porosity and no effect on the distribution of the added materials (p > 0.05). Regarding the mechanical properties, the compressive moduli of the scaffolds are 24.4% (produced along the height direction) and 14.6% (produced along the width direction) lower than the designed value and are 49.1% and 43.6% lower than the μFE counterparts, indicating that the imperfect bonding and the partially melted powders have a large contribution to the discrepancy in the compressive modulus of the scaffolds. Compared to the values in the theoretically designed scaffold, the strain energy densities have shifted towards the higher values in the AM produced scaffolds. The findings in the present study provide important information for the design and additive manufacturing of TPMS scaffolds.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1751-6161
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 9 September 2020
Date of Acceptance: 6 September 2020
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2020 13:34
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/134720

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics