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Chondrogenic differentiation of human chondrocytes cultured in the absence of ascorbic acid

Asnaghi, M. Adelaide, Duhr, Ralph, Quasnichka, Helen, Hollander, Anthony P., Kafienah, Wael, Martin, Ivan and Wendt, David 2018. Chondrogenic differentiation of human chondrocytes cultured in the absence of ascorbic acid. Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine 12 (6) , pp. 1402-1411. 10.1002/term.2671

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Bioreactor systems will likely play a key role in establishing regulatory compliant and cost‐effective production systems for manufacturing engineered tissue grafts for clinical applications. However, the automation of bioreactor systems could become considerably more complex and costly due to the requirements for additional storage and liquid handling technologies if unstable supplements are added to the culture medium. Ascorbic acid (AA) is a bioactive supplement that is commonly presumed to be essential for the generation of engineered cartilage tissues. However, AA can be rapidly oxidized and degraded. In this work, we addressed whether human nasal chondrocytes can redifferentiate, undergo chondrogenesis, and generate a cartilaginous extracellular matrix when cultured in the absence of AA. We found that when chondrocytes were cultured in 3D micromass pellets either with or without AA, there were no significant differences in their chondrogenic capacity in terms of gene expression or the amount of glycosaminoglycans. Moreover, 3D pellets cultured without AA contained abundant collagen Types II and I extracellular matrix. Although the amounts of Collagens II and I were significantly lower (34% and 50% lower) than in pellets cultured with AA, collagen fibers had similar thicknesses and distributions for both groups, as shown by scanning electron microscopy imaging. Despite the reduced amounts of collagen, if engineered cartilage grafts can be generated with sufficient properties that meet defined quality criteria without the use of unstable supplements such as AA, bioreactor automation requirements can be greatly simplified, thereby facilitating the development of more compact, user‐friendly, and cost‐effective bioreactor‐based manufacturing systems.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Wiley
ISSN: 1932-6254
Date of Acceptance: 12 April 2018
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2020 15:02

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