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Monitoring the myosin crossbridge cycle in contracting muscle: steps towards 'Muscle-the Movie'

Eakins, Felicity, Knupp, Carlo and Squire, John M. 2019. Monitoring the myosin crossbridge cycle in contracting muscle: steps towards 'Muscle-the Movie'. Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility 40 (2) , pp. 77-91. 10.1007/s10974-019-09543-9

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Some vertebrate muscles (e.g. those in bony fish) have a simple lattice A-band which is so well ordered that low-angle X-ray diffraction patterns are sampled in a simple way amenable to crystallographic techniques. Time-resolved X-ray diffraction through the contractile cycle should provide a movie of the molecular movements involved in muscle contraction. Generation of ‘Muscle—The Movie’ was suggested in the 1990s and since then efforts have been made to work out how to achieve it. Here we discuss how a movie can be generated, we discuss the problems and opportunities, and present some new observations. Low angle X-ray diffraction patterns from bony fish muscles show myosin layer lines that are well sampled on row-lines expected from the simple hexagonal A-band lattice. The 1st, 2nd and 3rd myosin layer lines at d-spacings of around 42.9 nm, 21.5 nm and 14.3 nm respectively, get weaker in patterns from active muscle, but there is a well-sampled intensity remnant along the layer lines. We show here that the pattern from the tetanus plateau is not a residual resting pattern from fibres that have not been fully activated, but is a different well-sampled pattern showing the presence of a second, myosin-centred, arrangement of crossbridges within the active crossbridge population. We also show that the meridional M3 peak from active muscle has two components of different radial widths consistent with (i) active myosin-centred (probably weak-binding) heads giving a narrow peak and (ii) heads on actin in strong states giving a broad peak.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Publisher: Springer Verlag (Germany)
ISSN: 0142-4319
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 28 September 2020
Date of Acceptance: 10 July 2019
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2020 10:45

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