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Nanocomposite MFI – ceramic hollow fibres: prospects for CO2 separation

Alshebani, A., Pera-Titus, M., Landrivon, E., Schiestel, Th., Miachon, S. and Dalmon, J.-A. 2008. Nanocomposite MFI – ceramic hollow fibres: prospects for CO2 separation. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials 115 (1-2) , pp. 197-205. 10.1016/j.micromeso.2007.11.050

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Abstract

The membrane surface/module volume ratio is one of the main criteria in designing separation units. This parameter can be increased by one order of magnitude when dropping the membrane tube diameter from the cm to the mm scale. Alumina hollow fibres have been used as supports and submitted to pore-plugging MFI zeolite synthesis. An alumina–MFI nanocomposite structure, showing no surface film, has been obtained, as observed by SEM and EDX analysis and confirmed by high temperature variation of H2 and N2 permeances. Maxwell–Stefan modeling provides an equivalent thickness lower than 1 μm. The membrane quality has been assessed by gas separation of n-butane/H2. A first application to CO2/H2 separation has been achieved, reaching separation factors close to 10. Such a system, based on cheap symmetric supports, could lead to an important decrease in module costs for gas separation applications.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1387-1811
Date of Acceptance: 6 November 2007
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2020 11:15
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/135400

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