Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Changes in corporate governance: externally dictated vs voluntarily determined

Tosun, Onur Kemal 2021. Changes in corporate governance: externally dictated vs voluntarily determined. International Review of Financial Analysis 73 , 101608. 10.1016/j.irfa.2020.101608
Item availability restricted.

[img] PDF - Accepted Post-Print Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 20 April 2022 due to copyright restrictions.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (832kB)

Abstract

Using the 2003 SEC regulations (following the Sarbanes–Oxley Act) on board independence as an identification for externally imposed governance changes, I compare its influence on firm performance to the effect of voluntarily conducted adjustments. I use publicly listed US firms between 1998 and 2009. In a triple-difference (dif-in-dif-in-dif) analysis setting, I explicitly interact the dictated change in board independence with the identifiers of the shock and non-compliant firms. Controlling for companies with voluntary changes, firms forced to modify their governance by increasing board independence experience a decrease in ROA, asset turnover, and sales growth. Testing the joint influence of dictated and voluntary adjustments in board independence on performance through a cross-sectional logistic-regression model, and controlling further for potential endogeneity through an instrumental variable (IV) regression model, I obtain consistent results. The findings are robust for other mandated provisions and stronger for bigger changes; small, single-segment firms operating in wholesale, retail, and high-tech industries; and constrained companies with financial distress, high leverage, low cash, high volatility, high growth and R&D expenses.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Business (Including Economics)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1057-5219
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 October 2020
Date of Acceptance: 13 October 2020
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2020 14:22
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/135871

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics