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Measuring robust functional connectivity from resting-state MEG using amplitude and entropy correlation across frequency-bands and temporal scales

Godfrey, Megan and Singh, Krish D. 2021. Measuring robust functional connectivity from resting-state MEG using amplitude and entropy correlation across frequency-bands and temporal scales. NeuroImage 226 , 117551. 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117551

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Recent studies have shown how MEG can reveal spatial patterns of functional connectivity using frequency-specific oscillatory coupling measures and that these may be modified in disease. However, there is a need to understand both how repeatable these patterns are across participants and how these measures relate to the moment-to-moment variability (or ‘irregularity) of neural activity seen in healthy brain function. In this study, we used Multi-scale Rank-Vector Entropy (MRVE) to calculate the dynamic timecourses of signal variability over a range of temporal scales. The correlation of MRVE timecourses was then used to detect functional connections in resting state MEG recordings that were robust over 183 participants and varied with temporal scale. We compared these MRVE connectivity patterns to those derived using the more conventional method of oscillatory amplitude envelope correlation (AEC) using methods designed to quantify the consistency of these patterns across participants. Using AEC, the most consistent connectivity patterns, across the cohort, were seen in the alpha and beta frequency bands. At fine temporal scales (corresponding to ‘scale frequencies, = 30-150Hz), MRVE correlation detected mostly occipital and parietal connections. These showed high similarity with the networks identified by AEC in the alpha and beta frequency bands. The most consistent connectivity profiles between participants were given by MRVE correlation at = 75Hz and AEC in the beta band. The physiological relevance of MRVE was also investigated by examining the relationship between connectivity strength and local variability. It was found that local activity at frequencies 10Hz becomes more regular when a region exhibits high levels of resting state connectivity, as measured by fine scale MRVE correlation ( 30-150Hz) and by alpha and beta band AEC. Analysis of the EOG recordings also revealed that eye movement affected both connectivity measures. Higher levels of eye movement were associated with stronger frontal connectivity, as measured by MRVE correlation. More eye movement was also associated with reduced occipital and parietal connectivity strength for both connectivity measures, although this was not significant after correction for multiple comparisons.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Psychology
Cardiff University Brain Research Imaging Centre (CUBRIC)
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 1053-8119
Funders: MRC
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 4 November 2020
Date of Acceptance: 3 November 2020
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2020 14:38

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