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Alternative splicing and protein diversity: plants versus animals

Chaudhary, Saurabh, Khokhar, Waqas, Jabre, Ibtissam, Reddy, Anireddy S. N., Byrne, Lee J., Wilson, Cornelia M. and Syed, Naeem H. 2019. Alternative splicing and protein diversity: plants versus animals. Frontiers in Plant Science 10 , 708. 10.3389/fpls.2019.00708

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Abstract

Plants, unlike animals, exhibit a very high degree of plasticity in their growth and development and employ diverse strategies to cope with the variations during diurnal cycles and stressful conditions. Plants and animals, despite their remarkable morphological and physiological differences, share many basic cellular processes and regulatory mechanisms. Alternative splicing (AS) is one such gene regulatory mechanism that modulates gene expression in multiple ways. It is now well established that AS is prevalent in all multicellular eukaryotes including plants and humans. Emerging evidence indicates that in plants, as in animals, transcription and splicing are coupled. Here, we reviewed recent evidence in support of co-transcriptional splicing in plants and highlighted similarities and differences between plants and humans. An unsettled question in the field of AS is the extent to which splice isoforms contribute to protein diversity. To take a critical look at this question, we presented a comprehensive summary of the current status of research in this area in both plants and humans, discussed limitations with the currently used approaches and suggested improvements to current methods and alternative approaches. We end with a discussion on the potential role of epigenetic modifications and chromatin state in splicing memory in plants primed with stresses.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Publisher: Frontiers Media
ISSN: 1664-462X
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 23 November 2020
Date of Acceptance: 13 May 2019
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2020 10:45
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/136588

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