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Influence of anaesthetics on the production of cancer cell motogens, stromal cell-derived factor-1 and hepatocyte growth factor by fibroblasts

Gong, Wenjing, Martin, Tracey A., Sanders, Andrew J., Hargest, Rachel, Jiang, Aihua, Sun, Ping and Jiang, Wen G. 2020. Influence of anaesthetics on the production of cancer cell motogens, stromal cell-derived factor-1 and hepatocyte growth factor by fibroblasts. Oncology Letters 21 (2) , 140. 10.3892/ol.2020.12401

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Abstract

Anaesthetics have been implicated to influence cancer cells and progression. Similarly, crosstalk between cancer cells and stromal components within the microenvironment is also an important factor driving progression. Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) are key chemokines/cytokines produced by fibroblasts which have been established as influential factors in cancer progression. The present study explored the capacity of anaesthetics to influence the expression of these key molecules in fibroblasts. The anaesthetics rocuronium bromide (RB), vecuronium bromide (VB), suxamethonium chloride CRS (SCC), dexmedetomidine hydrochloride (DH) and lidocaine were used to treat MRC-5 fibroblasts over a range of concentrations. Following treatment, transcript expression of SDF-1 and HGF was quantified using quantitative PCR. Treatment of MRC-5 cells with RB brought about a reduction of SDF-1 expression which was found to be significant in the 45 \'b5g/ml treatment group. Treatment with the other anaesthetics brought about some alterations in SDF-1 expression but these were not found to be statistically significant. Treatment with the tested anaesthetics did not have any significant effect on HGF transcript expression within MRC-5 cells, although again some alterations were observed. The results indicated that anaesthetics may have an impact on the fibroblast component of the tumour microenvironment, potentially influencing SDF-1 and HGF expression which in turn could influence tumour progression.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Published Online
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Publisher: Spandidos Publications
ISSN: 1792-1074
Funders: Cardiff University China Medical Scholarship, the Outstanding Young Scholarship from Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital (YDH050719)
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 21 January 2021
Date of Acceptance: 12 October 2020
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2021 16:22
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/136932

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