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Pivotal role of Gly 121 in dihydrofolate reductase from Escherichia coli: the altered structure of a mutant enzyme may form the basis of its diminished datalytic performance

Swanwick, Richard S., Shrimpton, Paul J. and Allemann, Rudolf Konrad 2004. Pivotal role of Gly 121 in dihydrofolate reductase from Escherichia coli: the altered structure of a mutant enzyme may form the basis of its diminished datalytic performance. Biochemistry 43 (14) , pp. 4119-4127. 10.1021/bi036164k

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Abstract

The structure and folding of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) from Escherichia coli and the mutant G121V-DHFR, in which glycine 121 in the exterior FG loop was replaced with valine, were studied by molecular dynamics simulations and CD and fluorescence spectroscopy. The importance of residue 121 for the chemical step during DHFR catalysis had been demonstrated previously. High-temperature MD simulations indicated that while DHFR and G121V-DHFR followed similar unfolding pathways, the strong contacts between the M20 loop and the FG loop in DHFR were less stable in the mutant. These contacts have been proposed to be involved in a coupled network of interactions that influence the protein dynamics and promote catalysis [Benkovic, S. J., and Hammes-Schiffer, S. (2003) Science 301, 1196−1202]. CD spectroscopy of DHFR and G121V-DHFR indicated that the two proteins existed in different conformations at room temperature. While the thermally induced unfolding of DHFR was highly cooperative with a midpoint at 51.6 ± 0.7 °C, G121V-DHFR exhibited a gradual decrease in its level of secondary structure without a clear melting temperature. Temperature-induced unfolding and renaturation from the urea-denatured state revealed that both proteins folded via highly fluorescent intermediates. The formation of these intermediates occurred with relaxation times of 149 ± 4.5 and 256 ± 13 ms for DHFR and G121V-DHFR, respectively. The fluorescence intensity for the intermediates formed during refolding of G121V-DHFR was approximately twice that of the wild-type. While the fluorescence intensity then slowly decayed for DHFR toward a state representing the native protein, G121V-DHFR appeared to be trapped in a highly fluorescent state. These results suggest that the reduced catalytic activity of G121V-DHFR is the consequence of nonlocal structural effects that may result in a perturbation of the network of promoting motions.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Publisher: American Chemical Society
ISSN: 00062960
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 01:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/1377

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