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Acoustic-gravity waves from multi-fault rupture

Williams, Byron, Kadri, Usama and Abdolali, Ali 2021. Acoustic-gravity waves from multi-fault rupture. Journal of Fluid Mechanics 915 , A108. 10.1017/jfm.2021.101
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The propagation of wave disturbances from a complex multi-fault submarine earthquake of slender rectangular segments in a sea of constant depth is discussed, accounting for both water compressibility and gravity effects. It is found that including gravity effects the modal envelopes of the modified two-dimensional acoustic waves and the tsunami are governed by the Schrödinger equation. An explicit solution is derived using a multi-fault approach that allows capturing the main peak of the tsunami. Moreover, a linear superposition of the solution allows solving complicated multi-fault ruptures, in particular in the absence of dissipation due to large variations in depth. Consequently, the modulations of acoustic waves due to gravity, and of tsunami due to compressibility, are governed simultaneously and accurately, which is essential for practical applications such as tsunami early warning systems. The results are validated numerically against the mild-slope equation for weakly compressible fluids.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Mathematics
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISSN: 0022-1120
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 12 February 2021
Date of Acceptance: 25 January 2021
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2021 12:45

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