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Acoustic Emission Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Structures

Elfergani, Hisham A., Pullin, Rhys and Holford, Karen Margaret 2011. Acoustic Emission Analysis of Prestressed Concrete Structures. Journal of Physics: Conference Series 305 (1) , 012076. 10.1088/1742-6596/305/1/012076

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Abstract

Corrosion is a substantial problem in numerous structures and in particular corrosion is very serious in reinforced and prestressed concrete and must, in certain applications, be given special consideration because failure may result in loss of life and high financial cost. Furthermore corrosion cannot only be considered a long term problem with many studies reporting failure of bridges and concrete pipes due to corrosion within a short period after they were constructed. The concrete pipes which transport water are examples of structures that have suffered from corrosion; for example, the pipes of The Great Man-Made River Project of Libya. Five pipe failures due to corrosion have occurred since their installation. The main reason for the damage is corrosion of prestressed wires in the pipes due to the attack of chloride ions from the surrounding soil. Detection of the corrosion in initial stages has been very important to avoid other failures and the interruption of water flow. Even though most non-destructive methods which are used in the project are able to detect wire breaks, they cannot detect the presence of corrosion. Hence in areas where no excavation has been completed, areas of serious damage can go undetected. Therefore, the major problem which faces engineers is to find the best way to detect the corrosion and prevent the pipes from deteriorating. This paper reports on the use of the Acoustic Emission (AE) technique to detect the early stages of corrosion prior to deterioration of concrete structures.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Engineering
Centre for Advanced Manufacturing Systems At Cardiff (CAMSAC)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Additional Information: 10 page article.
Publisher: IOP Publishing
ISSN: 1742-6596
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2019 00:52
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/14339

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