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Aggression and attitudes to time and risk in weapon-using violent offenders

Brennan, Iain Richard, Moore, Simon Christopher and Shepherd, Jonathan Paul 2010. Aggression and attitudes to time and risk in weapon-using violent offenders. Psychiatry Research 178 (3) , pp. 536-539. 10.1016/j.psychres.2009.05.006

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Abstract

The use of weapons in violence increases both the severity of harm to victims and the severity of legal consequences for offenders, but little is known of the characteristics of violent offenders who choose to use weapons. Levels of anger, attitude to risk, time discounting, and antisocial history among a sample of weapon-using violent offenders (n = 15) were compared to violent offenders who had not used a weapon (n = 10) and nonviolent offenders (n = 15). Results showed that weapon-using violent offenders displayed greater trait aggression and were more risk seeking than other offender types. In addition, weapon-using violent offenders were first convicted at an earlier age and truanted from school more frequently compared to other offender types. The results indicate that weapon users are more aggressive and more risk taking, but no more present focused than other violent and nonviolent offenders. Further research into the cognitive and social factors that influence weapon use is required if this dangerous behavior is to be reduced. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Aggression; Risk behaviors; Time discounting; Risk preference; Weapon use
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0165-1781
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 13:32
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/15788

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