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Alcohol consumption predicts violent victimisation, impulsive decision making predicts violence

Moore, Simon Christopher and Foreman-Peck, J. 2009. Alcohol consumption predicts violent victimisation, impulsive decision making predicts violence. The Open Behavioral Science Journal 3 , pp. 28-33.

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Abstract

Aims: First, to assess whether perpetrators of violence are also more likely to be victims of violence in a sample of drinkers who socialize in a city centre night-time economy. Second, to test whether extent of alcohol use and impulsive decision making, both associated with violence and violent injury, are associated with violence and victimization equally. Design: A cross-sectional street survey conducted in an area characterized by a high density of licensed premises collected data on socio-economic status, gender, alcohol consumption, impulsive decision making and whether respondents had been victims of violence or had perpetrated violence. Impulsive decision making was assessed using a delay discounting task with hypothetical monetary rewards. Participants: Data from 271 female and 294 male respondents who regularly socialized in the local night time economy were available for analysis. Findings: Perpetrators of violence were more likely to be victims of violence; impulsive decision making predicted violence whereas alcohol consumption and the frequency that respondents visited the night time economy predicted victimization. Men were more likely to be perpetrators of violence than women. Conclusions: Heavy alcohol consumption in areas densely populated with licensed premises increases the likelihood of victimization and perpetrators of violence are more likely to disregard the future consequences of their action. Measures that either reduce the impact of drunken behavior or reduce excessive alcohol consumption will reduce alcohol related harm.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Additional Information: Pdf uploaded in accordance with publisher's policy at http://www.sherpa.ac.uk/romeo/issn/1874-2300/ (accessed 25/02/2014)
Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.
ISSN: 1874-2300
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 30 March 2016
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2017 08:39
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/15990

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