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Microstructure and chemical analysis of blood-contaminated mineral trioxide aggregate

Nekoofar, Mohammad Hossein, Davies, T. E., Stone, David C., Basturk, F. B. and Dummer, Paul Michael Howell 2011. Microstructure and chemical analysis of blood-contaminated mineral trioxide aggregate. International Endodontic Journal 44 (11) , pp. 1011-1018. 10.1111/j.1365-2591.2011.01909.x

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Abstract

Nekoofar MH, Davies TE, Stone D, Basturk FB, Dummer PMH. Microstructure and chemical analysis of blood-contaminated MTA. International Endodontic Journal, 44, 1011-1018, 2011. ABSTRACT: Aim To test the hypothesis that blood contamination has a detrimental effect on the chemical properties of Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA). Methodology The effects of whole, fresh human blood on the microstructure and elemental chemistry of MTA were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, respectively. The phase compositions of contaminated and uncontaminated MTA were also analysed using X-ray diffraction analysis. Results The hydration state of specimens partially mixed with blood were more complete than those mixed entirely with blood and less than those entirely mixed with water. Acicular crystals, characteristic of ettringite, were abundant in specimens mixed entirely with water and absent from specimens mixed partially or entirely with blood. Calcium hydroxide crystals were absent in specimens contaminated entirely with blood and the unhydrated MTA powder, but present in the other groups. Conclusion Mixing MTA with blood resulted in the lack of formation of the crystalline calcium hydroxide in the early stage of the hydration process.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: energy-dispersive X-ray; mineral trioxide aggregate; scanning electron microscopy; X-ray diffraction analysis
Publisher: Wiley & Sons
ISSN: 1365-2591
Date of Acceptance: 14 May 2011
Last Modified: 04 Apr 2019 23:28
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/16000

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