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Dental pulp stem cells: what, where, how?

Sloan, Alastair James and Waddington, Rachel J. 2009. Dental pulp stem cells: what, where, how? International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 19 (1) , pp. 61-70. 10.1111/j.1365-263X.2008.00964.x

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Abstract

International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2009; 19: 61-70 It is now accepted that progenitor/stem cells reside within the post-natal dental pulp. Studies have identified several niches of multipotent mesenchymal progenitor cells, known as dental pulp stem cells, which have a high proliferative potential for self-renewal. These progenitor stem cells are now recognized as being vital to the dentine regeneration process following injury. Understanding the nature of these progenitor/stem cell populations in the pulp is important in determining their potentialities and development of isolation or recruitment strategies for use in regeneration and tissue engineering. Characterization of these cells, and determination of their potentialities in terms of specificity of regenerative response, may help direct new clinical treatment modalities. Such novel treatments may involve controlled direct recruitment of the cells in situ and possible seeding of stem cells at sites of injury for regeneration or use of the stem cells with appropriate scaffolds for tissue engineering solutions. Such approaches may provide an innovative and novel biologically based new generation of clinical materials and/or treatments for dental disease. This study aimed to review the body of knowledge relating to stem cells and to consider the possibility of these cell populations, and related technology, in future clinical applications.

Item Type: Article
Schools: Dentistry
ISSN: 0960-7439
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:03
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/16077

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