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Polyhexamethylene biguanide exposure leads to viral aggregation

Pinto, Federica, Maillard, Jean-Yves, Denyer, Stephen Paul and McGeechan, P. 2010. Polyhexamethylene biguanide exposure leads to viral aggregation. Journal of Applied Microbiology 108 (6) , pp. 1880-1888. 10.1111/j.1365-2672.2009.04596.x

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Abstract

AIMS: This study reports the activity of two biguanides against MS2 bacteriophage used as a surrogate virus for nonenveloped mammalian viruses and provides an explanation as to their apparent limited efficacy. METHODS AND RESULTS: When tested in a standard suspension test, two polyhexamethylene biguanides (PHMB), VANTOCIL TG and COSMOCIL CQ, reduced the viability of MS2 by only 1-2 log(10) PFU ml(-1). Exposure time up to 30 min did not affect the activity of the biguanides, although both PHMB were shown to strongly interact with MS2 proteins. CONCLUSIONS: Inactivation kinetics and change in virus hydrophobicity suggested that PHMB induces the formation of viral aggregates. This hypothesis was supported using dynamic light scattering that showed an increase in viral aggregates sizes (up to 500 nm) in a concentration-dependent manner. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY: It has been reported that viral aggregation is responsible for virus survival to the biocide exposure. Here, this might be the case, because the virucidal activity of the biguanides was modest and viral aggregation important. The formation of viral aggregates during virus exposure to PHMB was unlikely to overestimate the virucidal potential of the biguanides.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Pharmacy
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR355 Virology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Uncontrolled Keywords: activity; mechanisms of action; PHMB; virus
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1365-2672
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2017 13:34
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/16178

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