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The C-terminal domain of cartilage matrix protein assembles into a triple-stranded alpha-helical coiled-coil structure

Beck, Konrad, Gambee, J. E., Bohan, C. A. and Bächinger, H. P. 1996. The C-terminal domain of cartilage matrix protein assembles into a triple-stranded alpha-helical coiled-coil structure. Journal of Molecular Biology 256 (5) , pp. 909-923. 10.1006/jmbi.1996.0137

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Abstract

Cartilage matrix protein (CMP) is a major component of different cartilages and consists of a disulfide-linked homotrimer. To test whether the C-terminal region forms a three-stranded alpha-helical coiled-coil, we synthesized a peptide, CMP-C36, corresponding to the last 36 residues of human CMP. Analytical ultracentrifugation revealed that CMP-C36 forms a homotrimer under physiological conditions. The sedimentation coefficient of 1.12 S is consistent with a rod-shaped molecule of 5.8 nm length, suggesting a lateral packing of three peptide chains. Depending on conditions, circular dichroism spectroscopy showed 75 to 96% alpha-helical content. The shapes of the spectra are characteristic for a coiled-coil structure. Thermal and guanidine-HCI-induced denaturation revealed a high degree of cooperativity and high stability. The concentration dependence of the melting temperature suggest a two-state transition. The trimer is stabilized by increasing the ionic strength above 130 mM salt, above which six ions are released upon unfolding. The peptide characteristics make it very likely that the C-terminal domain serves as the trimerization site of CMP. The two cysteine residues preceding this sequence region might stabilize the complex after assembly.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Uncontrolled Keywords: α-helix stability; circular dichroism spectroscopy; heptad repeats; leucine zipper; protein folding
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0022-2836
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:04
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/16309

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