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Positional preferences of ionizable residues in Gly-X-Y triplets of the collagen triple-helix

Chan, V. C., Ramshaw, J. A. M., Kirkpatrick, A., Beck, Konrad and Brodsky, B. 1997. Positional preferences of ionizable residues in Gly-X-Y triplets of the collagen triple-helix. Journal of Biological Chemistry 272 (50) , pp. 31441-31446. 10.1074/jbc.272.50.31441

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Collagens contain a high amount of charged residues involved in triple-helix stability, fibril formation, and ligand binding. The contribution of charged residues to stability was analyzed utilizing a host-guest peptide system with a single Gly-X-Y triplet embedded within Ac(Gly-Pro-Hyp)3-Gly-X-Y-(Gly-Pro-Hyp)4-Gly-Gly-NH2. The ionizable residues Arg, Lys, Glu, and Asp were incorporated into the X position of Gly-X-Hyp; in the Y position of Gly-Pro-Y; or as pairs of oppositely charged residues occupying X and Y positions. The Gly-X-Hyp peptides had similar thermal stabilities, only marginally less stable than Gly-Pro-Hyp, whereas Gly-Pro-Y peptides showed a wide thermal stability range (Tm = 30-45 degrees C). The stability of peptides with oppositely charged residues in the X and Y positions appears to reflect simple additivity of the individual residues, except when X is occupied by a basic residue and Y = Asp. The side chains of Glu, Lys, and Arg have the potential to form hydrogen bonds with available peptide backbone carbonyl groups within the triple-helix, whereas the shorter Asp side chain does not. This may relate to the unique involvement of Asp residues in energetically favorable ion pair formation. These studies clarify the dependence of triple-helix stability on the identity, position, and ionization state of charged residues.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN: 0021-9258
Date of First Compliant Deposit: 7 June 2016
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:04

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