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Structural and chemical changes of thermally treated bone apatite

Etok, Susan Essien, Valsami-Jones, Eugenia, Wess, Timothy James, Hiller, Jennifer, Maxwell, Clark A., Rogers, Keith D., Manning, David A. C., White, Margaret L., Lopez-Capel, Elisa, Collins, Matthew J., Buckley, Mike, Penkman, Kirsty E. H. and Woodgate, Stephen L. 2007. Structural and chemical changes of thermally treated bone apatite. Journal of Materials Science 42 (23) , pp. 9807-9816. 10.1007/s10853-007-1993-z

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Abstract

The thermal behaviour of the animal by-product meat and bone meal (MBM) has been investigated in order to assess how it is affected structurally and chemically by incineration. Initially composed of intergrown collagen and hydroxyapatite (HAP), combustion of the organic component is complete by 650 °C, with most mass loss (50–55%) occurring by 500 °C. No original proteins were detected in samples heated at 400 °C or above. Combustion of collagen is accompanied by an increase in HAP mean crystallite size at temperatures greater than 400 °C, from 10 nm to a constant value of 120 nm at 800 °C or more. Newly formed crystalline phases appear beyond 400 °C, and include β-tricalcium phosphate, NaCaPO4, halite (NaCl) and sylvite (KCl). Crystallite thickness as judged by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) increases from 2 nm (25–400 °C) to 8–9 nm very rapidly at 550 °C, and then gradually increases to approximately 10 nm. The original texture of HAP within a collagen matrix is progressively lost, producing a porous HAP dominated solid at 700 °C, and a very low porosity sintered HAP product at 900 °C.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Publisher: Springer
ISSN: 0022-2461
Last Modified: 05 Jan 2018 22:02
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/17307

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