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IL-6 regulates neutrophil trafficking during acute inflammation via STAT3

Fielding, Ceri Alan, McLoughlin, Rachel Mary, McLeod, Louise, Colmont, Chantal Sophie, Najdovska, Meri, Grail, Dianne, Ernst, Matthias, Jones, Simon Arnett, Topley, Nicholas and Jenkins, Brendan J. 2008. IL-6 regulates neutrophil trafficking during acute inflammation via STAT3. Journal of Immunology 181 (3) , pp. 2189-2195.

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Abstract

The successful resolution of inflammation is dependent upon the coordinated transition from the initial recruitment of neutrophils to a more sustained population of mononuclear cells. IL-6, which signals via the common receptor subunit gp130, represents a crucial checkpoint regulator of neutrophil trafficking during the inflammatory response by orchestrating chemokine production and leukocyte apoptosis. However, the relative contribution of specific IL-6-dependent signaling pathways to these processes remains unresolved. To define the receptor-mediated signaling events responsible for IL-6-driven neutrophil trafficking, we used a series of gp130 knockin mutant mice displaying altered IL-6-signaling capacities in an experimental model of acute peritoneal inflammation. Hyperactivation of STAT1 and STAT3 in gp130Y757F/Y757F mice led to a more rapid clearance of neutrophils, and this coincided with a pronounced down-modulation in production of the neutrophil-attracting chemokine CXCL1/KC. By contrast, the proportion of apoptotic neutrophils in the inflammatory infiltrate remained unaffected. In gp130Y757F/Y757F mice lacking IL-6, neutrophil trafficking and CXCL1/KC levels were normal, and this corresponded with a reduction in the level of STAT1/3 activity. Furthermore, monoallelic ablation of Stat3 in gp130Y757F/Y757F mice specifically reduced STAT3 activity and corrected both the rapid clearance of neutrophils and impaired CXCL1/KC production. Conversely, genetic deletion of Stat1 in gp130Y757F/Y757F mice failed to rescue the altered responses observed in gp130Y757F/Y757F mice. Collectively, these data genetically define that IL-6-driven signaling via STAT3, but not STAT1, limits the inflammatory recruitment of neutrophils, and therefore represents a critical event for the termination of the innate immune response.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Systems Immunity Research Institute (SIURI)
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH426 Genetics
Q Science > QR Microbiology > QR180 Immunology
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: American Association of Immunologists
ISSN: 1550-6606
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2017 02:01
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/17368

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