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Catalysis by Dihydrofolate Reductase from the Psychropiezophile Moritella profunda

Evans, Rhiannon Mari, Behiry, Enas Mamdouh, Tey, Lai-Hock, Guo, Jiannan, Loveridge, Edric Joel and Allemann, Rudolf Konrad 2010. Catalysis by Dihydrofolate Reductase from the Psychropiezophile Moritella profunda. ChemBioChem 11 (14) , pp. 2010-2017. 10.1002/cbic.201000341

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Abstract

The influence of temperature and pH on the stability and catalytic activity of dihydrofolate reductase (MpDHFR) from the cold-adapted deep-sea bacterium Moritella profunda was studied. The thermal melting temperature was found to be ∼38 °C and was not affected by pH, while activity measurements demonstrated that its stability was maximal at pH 7 and was reduced dramatically below pH 6 or above pH 8. The steady-state rate constant (kcat) was maximal at neutral pH and higher temperatures, while the Michaelis constants (KM) for both substrate and cofactor were optimal at lower temperatures and at elevated or reduced pH. For both temperature and pH, any change in kcat was therefore offset by a similar change in KM. Both the activation enthalpy and entropy of the MpDHFR-catalysed reaction were lower than those of DHFR from E. coli leading overall to a very small difference in activation free energy and therefore similar steady-state rate constants at the same temperature. The chemical step of the reaction is not rate limiting at pH 7, but becomes progressively more rate limiting as the pH increases. These results demonstrate adaptation of MpDHFR to its environment and show compromises between enthalpic and entropic contributions to the reaction, and between kcat and KM.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Chemistry
Cardiff Catalysis Institute (CCI)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: catalysis; circular dichroism; dihydrofolate reductase; enzymes; psychrophiles
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1439-4227
Funders: BBSRC
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2018 11:26
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/17470

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