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Substitution of bovine dentine sialoprotein with chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycan chains

Sugars, Rachael V., Olsson, Marie-Louise, Waddington, Rachel J. and Wendel, Mikael 2006. Substitution of bovine dentine sialoprotein with chondroitin sulfate glycosaminoglycan chains. European Journal of Oral Sciences 114 (1) , pp. 89-92. 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2006.00271.x

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Abstract

Dentine sialoprotein (DSP) represents 5–8% of all non-collagenous proteins present in the tooth, but, together with dentine phosphoprotein, has been shown to be vital for correct tooth formation. Recently, the existence of a highly glycosylated form of porcine DSP has been reported and it was shown to possess glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chains. The current investigation confirms that this is also the case for bovine DSP and has further characterized these carbohydrates. Dentine sialoprotein was purified from bovine dentine extracts by anion exchange chromatography and identified by sodium dodecyl sulfate–polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS–PAGE), western blotting, and mass spectroscopy. An increase in molecular mass was observed, from 120 kDa to greater than 250 kDa, with a corresponding rise in anionic strength. Cellulose acetate electrophoresis and western blotting indicated the presence of chondroitin sulfate GAG chains within these dentine fractions. Further examination using sequential digestion with chondroitinase AC and N-glycosidase cleaved the samples first to 95 kDa and then to 80 kDa, respectively, confirming a high level of glycosylation. These results support the classification of bovine DSP as a proteoglycan, and that the carbohydrate substitutions may contribute to the functional properties of DSP.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: chondroitin sulfate; dentine sialoprotein; glycosaminoglycan; mineralization; proteoglycan
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
ISSN: 0909-8836
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:10
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/17664

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