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Distribution of neuropeptide Y, substance P, and Choline acetyltransferase in the developing visual system of the pigeon and effects of unilateral retina removal

Bagnoli, P., Fontanesi, G., Alesci, R. and Erichsen, Jonathan Thor 1992. Distribution of neuropeptide Y, substance P, and Choline acetyltransferase in the developing visual system of the pigeon and effects of unilateral retina removal. Journal of Comparative Neurology 318 (4) , pp. 392-414. 10.1002/cne.903180405

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Abstract

The distribution of three neuroactive substances, neuropeptide Y, substance P, and choline acetyltransferase, was studied by immunocytochemical methods in central visual regions of adult, developing, and ablated pigeon brains. In normal adult brains, neuropeptide Y-positive cells and processes were present in the nucleus pretectalis, the nucleus of the basal optic root, the nucleus of the marginal optic tract, and the visual Wulst. Substance P-positive cells and processes were found in the optic tectum and in the visual Wulst. Stained fibers and terminal-like processes, but no cells, were also observed in several visual thalamic nuclei. Choline acetyltransferase-positive cells and processes were located in the optic tectum, visual Wulst, the nucleus isthmo opticus, nucleus isthmi and certain visual thalamic nuclei. Cholinergic fibers and processes, but no cells, were present in the nucleus principalis precommissuralis, the supraoptic decussation, and the nucleus lentiformis mesencephali, pars magnocellularis. In the course of development, the distribution of immunoreactivity for all three substances was found to vary. These changes often involved either progressive increases or decreases in the density of labeled cells, neuropil and/or terminal-like profiles. Experiments with retina ablated pigeons clearly demonstrated that changes in the normal pattern of immunoreactivity distribution only occurred if the retina was removed immediately after hatching, i.e., before retinofugal connections have been established. The adult pattern of immunoreactivity for all three substances appears to be reached at about the same time that the anatomical and functional maturation of the pigeon visual system is completed. The present results suggest that this temporal correlation reflects the important role that retinal afferents play in the development of these putative peptidergic and cholinergic systems.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Optometry and Vision Sciences
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Uncontrolled Keywords: peptide; ChAT immunocytochemistry; maturation; retina ablation; plasticity; visual pathways; birds
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 1096-9861
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:11
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/17911

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