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Bulk and surface thermal stability of ultra nanocrystalline diamond films with 10-30 nm grain size prepared by chemical vapor deposition

Michaelson, Sh., Stacey, A., Orwa, J., Cimmino, A., Prawer, S., Cowie, B. C. C., Williams, Oliver Aneurin, Gruen, D. M. and Hoffman, A. 2010. Bulk and surface thermal stability of ultra nanocrystalline diamond films with 10-30 nm grain size prepared by chemical vapor deposition. Journal of Applied Physics 107 (9) , 093521. 10.1063/1.3359714

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Abstract

The thermal stability of nanocrystalline diamond films with 10–30 nm grain size deposited by microwave enhanced chemical vapor deposition on silicon substrate was investigated as a function of annealing temperature up to 1200 °C. The thermal stability of the surface-upper atomic layers was studied with near edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy recorded in the partial electron yield mode. This technique indicated substantial thermally induced graphitization of the film within a close proximity to the surface. While in the bulk region of the film no graphitization was observed with either Raman spectroscopy or NEXAFS spectroscopy recorded in total electron yield mode, even after annealing to 1200 °C. Raman spectroscopy did detect the complete disappearance of transpolyacetylene (t-PA)-like ν1 and ν3 modes following annealing at 1000 °C. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy, applied to investigate this relative decrease in hydrogen atom concentration detected only a ∼ 30% decrease in the bulk content of hydrogen atoms. This enhanced stability of sp3 hybridized atoms within the bulk region with respect to graphitization is discussed in terms of carbon bond rearrangement due to the thermal decomposition of t-PA-like fragments.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: annealing, diamond, EXAFS, grain size, graphitisation, nanostructured materials, plasma CVD, pyrolysis, Raman spectra, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, thermal stability, XANES
Additional Information: 7 page article.
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
ISSN: 0021-8979
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:12
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/18042

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