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Characterisation of capacitive field-effect sensors with a nanocrystalline-diamond film as transducer material for multi-parameter sensing

Abouzar, M. H., Poghossian, A., Razavi, A., Williams, Oliver Aneurin, Bijnens, N., Wagner, P. and Schöning, M. J. 2009. Characterisation of capacitive field-effect sensors with a nanocrystalline-diamond film as transducer material for multi-parameter sensing. Biosensors and Bioelectronics 24 (5) , pp. 1298-1304. 10.1016/j.bios.2008.07.056

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Abstract

The feasibility of a capacitive field-effect EDIS (electrolyte-diamond-insulator-semiconductor) platform for multi-parameter sensing is demonstrated by realising EDIS sensors with an O-terminated nanocrystalline-diamond (NCD) film as transducer material for the detection of pH and penicillin concentration as well as for the label-free electrical monitoring of adsorption and binding of charged macromolecules, like polyelectrolytes. The NCD films were grown on p-Si-SiO2 substrates by microwave plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition. To obtain O-terminated surfaces, the NCD films were treated in an oxidising medium. The NCD-based field-effect sensors have been characterised by means of constant-capacitance method. The average pH sensitivity of the O-terminated NCD film was 40 mV/pH. A low detection limit of 5 μM and a high penicillin G sensitivity of 65–70 mV/decade has been obtained for an EDIS penicillin biosensor with the adsorptively immobilised enzyme penicillinase. Alternating potential changes, having tendency to decrease with increasing the number of adsorbed polyelectrolyte layers, have been observed after the layer-by-layer deposition of polyelectrolyte multilayers, using positively charged PAH (poly (allylamine hydrochloride)) and a negatively charged PSS (poly (sodium 4-styrene sulfonate)) as a model system. The response mechanism of the developed EDIS sensors is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Physics and Astronomy
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nanocrystalline diamond; Capacitive field-effect sensor; pH sensor; Penicillin sensor; Charged macromolecules; Polyelectrolyte
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0956-5663
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:14
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/18702

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