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Adenovirus-mediated hypoxia-targeted gene therapy using HSV thymidine kinase and bacterial nitroreductase prodrug-activating genes in vitro and in vivo

Harvey, T. J., Hennig, I. M., Shnyder, S. D., Cooper, P. A., Ingram, N., Hall, G. D., Selby, P. J. and Chester, John D. 2011. Adenovirus-mediated hypoxia-targeted gene therapy using HSV thymidine kinase and bacterial nitroreductase prodrug-activating genes in vitro and in vivo. Cancer Gene Therapy 18 (11) , pp. 773-784. 10.1038/cgt.2011.43

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Abstract

Hypoxia is an important factor in tumor growth. It is associated with resistance to conventional anticancer treatments. Gene therapy targeting hypoxic tumor cells therefore has the potential to enhance the efficacy of treatment of solid tumors. Transfection of a panel of tumor cell lines with plasmid constructs containing hypoxia-responsive promoter elements from the genes, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and erythropoietin, linked to the minimal cytomegalovirus (mCMV) or minimal interleukin-2 (mIL-2) promoters showed optimum hypoxia-inducible luciferase reporter gene expression with five repeats of VEGF hypoxic-response element linked to the mCMV promoter. Adenoviral vectors using this hypoxia-inducible promoter to drive therapeutic transgenes produced hypoxia-specific cell kill of HT1080 and HCT116 cells in the presence of prodrug with both herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase/ganciclovir and nitroreductase (NTR)/CB1954 prodrug-activating systems. Significant cytotoxic effects were also observed in patient-derived human ovarian cancer cells. The NTR/CB1954 system provided more readily controllable transgene expression and so was used for in vivo experiments of human HCT116 xenografts in nude mice. Subjects treated intratumorally with Ad-VEGFmCMV-NTR and intraperitoneal injection of CB1954 demonstrated a statistically significant reduction in tumor growth. Immunohistochemistry of treated xenografts showed a good correlation between transgene expression and hypoxic areas. Further investigation of these hypoxia-inducible adenoviral vectors, alone or in combination with existing modalities of cancer therapy, may aid in the future development of successful Gene-Directed Enzyme Prodrug Therapy systems, which are much needed for targeting solid tumors.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
ISSN: 0929-1903
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:15
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/18835

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