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The work environment, stress and well-being

Wadsworth, Emma Jane Kirsty, Chaplin, Katherine S. and Smith, Andrew Paul 2010. The work environment, stress and well-being. Occupational Medicine 60 (8) , pp. 635-639. 10.1093/occmed/kqq139

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Abstract

Background Much recent work extending the field of job characteristics to include positive aspects of work makes the implicit assumption that the absence of negative work characteristics is equivalent to the presence of positive work characteristics. Aims To consider the effect sizes seen at different ends of job characteristic dimensions and to compare the impact of the presence and absence of job characteristics in association with mental health and well-being outcomes. Methods Data from 8755 workers were analysed to compare the impacts of the presence or absence of job characteristics (job demand, extrinsic effort and social support) in associations with both positive (job satisfaction) and negative (work-related stress) outcome measures. Results Comparable presence and absence impacts were apparent for extrinsic effort in association with work-related stress. However, in the association between job demand and work-related stress, the presence of high levels of job demand had a significantly greater impact than the absence of high levels of job demand; while in the association between social support and job satisfaction, the absence of high levels of social support had a significantly greater impact than the presence of high levels of social support. Conclusions It is not always appropriate to assume that the absence of negative aspects of the work environment is equivalent to the presence of positive aspects.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Cardiff Work Environment Research Centre (CWERC)
Social Sciences (Includes Criminology and Education)
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
Uncontrolled Keywords: Extrinsic effort; job demand; job satisfaction; social support; stress
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISSN: 0962-7480
Last Modified: 03 May 2019 14:57
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/19341

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