Cardiff University | Prifysgol Caerdydd ORCA
Online Research @ Cardiff 
WelshClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Bilingual aphasia due to spontaneous acute subdural haematoma from a ruptured intracranial infectious aneurysm

Vajramani, Girish, Akrawi, Hawar, McCarthy, Rosaleen and Gray, William Peter 2008. Bilingual aphasia due to spontaneous acute subdural haematoma from a ruptured intracranial infectious aneurysm. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery 110 (8) , pp. 823-827. 10.1016/j.clineuro.2008.05.008

Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract

We report a case of spontaneous subdural haematoma due to ruptured intracranial infectious aneurysm, presenting with bilingual aphasia and illustrating differential language recovery. A 62-year-old right-handed bilingual gentleman, with a diagnosis of infective endocarditis, developed headache and became expressively aphasic in the English language. Three days later he was receptively and expressively aphasic in both English and Arabic. Cranial MRI scans showed a left-sided acute subdural haematoma with mass effect and midline shift. Contrast CT brain scans showed an enhancing speck adjacent to the clot and cerebral angiogram confirmed a distal middle cerebral artery aneurysm. He underwent image-guided craniotomy, evacuation of the subdural haematoma and excision of the aneurysm. Histopathological examination was consistent with an infectious intracranial aneurysm. Postoperatively his aphasia did not improve immediately. He had widened pulse pressure due to severe aortic regurgitation, confirmed on echocardiography. He underwent aortic valve replacement and mitral valve repair, following which his aphasia recovered gradually. Initially the recovery of his language was limited to Arabic. About a week later he recovered his English language as well. At 3-year follow-up he is doing well and has no neurological deficits. His aphasia has recovered completely. The present case is unique because of (a) presence of pure subdural haematoma, and (b) the differential susceptibility and recovery of native (L1) and acquired language (L2) in presence of a common pathology. The neurology of language in a bilingual is analysed and possible mechanisms discussed.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Medicine
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords: bilingual aphasia; infectious intracranial aneurysm; mycotic aneurysm; subdural haematoma
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0303-8467
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:17
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/19441

Citation Data

Cited 7 times in Google Scholar. View in Google Scholar

Cited 5 times in Scopus. View in Scopus. Powered By Scopus® Data

Actions (repository staff only)

Edit Item Edit Item