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Invertebrate grazing determines enzyme production by basidiomycete fungi

Crowther, Thomas, Jones, Thomas Hefin, Boddy, Lynne and Baldrian, Petr 2011. Invertebrate grazing determines enzyme production by basidiomycete fungi. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43 (10) , pp. 2060-2068. 10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.06.003

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Abstract

Extracellular enzymes produced by heterotrophic microorganisms in the soil are responsible for the decomposition of organic compounds. Basidiomycete fungi are the primary decomposer agents in temperate wooded ecosystems and contribute extensively to extracellular enzyme activity and nutrient mineralisation within soils. Growth and development of basidiomycete mycelia is influenced by soil-dwelling invertebrate grazers with potential implications for fungal activity and ecosystem functioning. The impacts of four invertebrate taxa belonging to Isopoda, Myriapoda, Collembola and Nematoda on the production of eight hydrolytic enzymes by four saprotrophic basidiomycetes (Phanerochaete velutina, Resinicium bicolor and two strains of Hypholoma fasciculare) were compared in a factorial microcosm study. Grazing generally increased enzyme production but invertebrates had species-specific impacts on enzyme activity. The magnitude of grazing influenced enzyme activity; macrofauna (woodlice and millipedes) induced the greatest responses. Enzymatic responses varied markedly between fungi. Grazing enhanced enzyme activity in the exploitative mycelial networks of P. velutina and H. fasciculare, while the opposite effects were observed in the explorative R. bicolor networks. The impacts of soil fauna on nutrient mineralisation depend on fungal community composition. β-glucosidase, cellobiohydrolase, N-acetylglucosaminidase, acid phosphatase and phosphodiesterase activities were affected most frequently by grazing and invertebrate activity, and thus had direct consequences for carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous cycling. The results indicate that invertebrate diversity and community composition may influence the spatial distribution and activity of extracellular enzymes with direct implications for nutrient mineralisation and trunover in woodland soils.

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Biosciences
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Uncontrolled Keywords: enzymes; fungi; invertebrate; grazing; nutrient mineralisation; nutrient cycling; decomposition
Publisher: Elsevier
ISSN: 0038-0717
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2017 03:20
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/19934

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