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The effect of preparation height and taper on cement lute stress: a three dimensional finite element analysis

Jacobsen, P. H., Wakefield, A. J., O'Doherty, Daphne Maria and Rees, J. S. 2006. The effect of preparation height and taper on cement lute stress: a three dimensional finite element analysis. European Journal of Prosthodontics and Restorative Dentistry 14 (4) , pp. 151-157.

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Abstract

Three dimensional finite element models of an upper second premolar and molar with full veneer gold crown preparations were developed from extracted samples. The cement lute width was kept constant at 40 microm, but the height and preparation taper were varied. For both models the preparation height was either 1.5 mm (short preparation) or 3 mm (long preparation). The preparation taper was either 10 degree or 30 degree, giving a total of eight models. Each model was loaded with a 10 N horizontal load, a 10 N vertical load or a 10 N load distributed across the occlusal surface. The maximum shear stress and the maximum Von Mises' stress in the cement lute of each model were recorded. For the premolar, the maximum shear stresses ranged from 0.3-5.43 MPa and the maximum Von Mises' stress ranged from 1.44-14.98 MPa. For the molar, the maximum shear stresses ranged from 0.15-5.22 MPa and the maximum Von Mises' stress ranged from 0.3 7-15.02 MPa. The stress fields were consistently higher in the premolar with a 30 degree preparation taper compared to the 10 degree taper. The attainment of a cavity taper of 100 is still important to minimise stress in the cement lute and is particularly important in teeth with a lower preparation surface area such as a premolar

Item Type: Article
Date Type: Publication
Status: Published
Schools: Dentistry
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bicuspid; Cementation; Computer Simulation; Crowns; Dental Cements; Dental Prosthesis Retention; Dental Stress Analysis/methods; Finite Element Analysis; Humans; Molar; Stress, Mechanical; Tooth Preparation; Prosthodontic; Dental Cements
ISSN: 0965-7452
Last Modified: 15 Dec 2017 08:38
URI: http://orca.cf.ac.uk/id/eprint/2133

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